japanese destroyers ww2

EUR 28,83 + EUR 4,94 Versand . Japanese Navy Destroyer Kagero Item No: 78032 Length: 338mm. of their day. Get it as soon as Mon, Dec 14. [29], The ten Asashio class (朝潮, "Morning Tide") were commissioned between August 1937 and June 1938. The quality of a ship class depends very much on what it is supposed to be doing on a given assignment. Aircraft detection radar experimentally introduced in 1941, widely fitted from March 1943. THESE are the startling pictures which show the horrific moment Japanese troops used British prisoners of war for target practice. Only six units were sunk during the conflict, including one by one submarine, two by airplanes, and finally three by one. Japanese World War II destroyers included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦 kuchikukan?) They were sunk in operation, except 5, including the Namikaze who continued his career under the Chinese flag. See more ideas about Imperial japanese navy, Wwii, Warship. The Akatsuki were four units quite close to the Fubuki, a little shorter with a slightly deeper hull, and new boilers of a more modern model. There were some survivors among those who were not torpedoed by submersibles: The Tomaruira No. [31], The outcome was a class of ships exceeding 2,500 tons. 12 ships numbered from 19 to 34 were built. The heavier gun mountings and the extra super-firing mounting required a significantly larger hull than the Yūgumos to ensure stability. Experimental Type 5 47 mm SPG Ho-Ru. The new engines suffered damage to the turbine blades, a problem not solved until 1943. Japan's Super-Torpedo Was the Hypersonic Missile of WWII by Michael Peck When U.S. Navy warships began exploding in the middle of the night, America realized it had a problem. [22], Ships of the class were active in several Japanese sea-borne landings in Malaya, the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies. Still, the battered destroyer continued exchanging fire with Japanese cruisers until she capsized at 8:55—leaving behind only eighty-six surviving … They were derived from the preceding Fubuki design. The new positioning of the torpedo tubes enabled the extension aft of the forecastle and thus greatly improved the ships' seakeeping. [5] To increase comfort, the forecastle was raised and the bridge enlarged and enclosed,[6] to offer protection against weather in the Pacific. The Japanese did not, however, continue to install new technology, such as radar, to match their opponents, and destroyer numbers were eroded steadily. Surrendered August 1945. During WW2, Japanese destroyer captains would dump the torpedoes overboard when threatened with air attacks. The survivors were given to the Allies. Information derived from Whitley, pp. Japanese destroyers, starting with the Fubuki, began the state of the art destroyer design … Sorry if this subject has already been done to death. In the early war years, their advantages were aggressively exploited against the often second rate and poorly coordinated Allied ships stationed in the region (as at the disastrous Battle of the Java Sea). These were in triple mounts, allowing the reduction of torpedo placements from three to two. Due to the rather sprawling nature of the development, I’ll go by the specific projects. In operations, the Fubuki were obviously engaged in all clashes, and their excellent qualities proved in combat. 1. Akizuki was the lead ship of her class of destroyers in the Japanese Imperial Navy considered by many to be among the best Japanese warships of that type in service during World War II. From 2 machine guns, this one passed to 14 guns of 25 mm, 4 machine guns, then in 1944, 22 guns of 25 mm in eleven double carriages and 10 machine guns of 13 mm in five double carriage, 28 of 25 mm for the Hibiki in 1945 , the only survivor of his class. IJN planners assessed their needs to protect Japan's maritime lifelines with the assumption that their most likely opponent would be the United States. Bildinformationen. He will be one of the few survivors of the war. The first, the Akitsuki was launched in July 1941: It was completed much later and was not operational at Pearl Harbor. [8], The class, of which Shimakaze was the prototype, was not ordered. Mined 8 October 1945. It is not intended to detail the career of each individual ship or expand on design details. A further 32 planned ships to improved designs (Arashikaru and Yamatsuki groups) were cancelled due to raw material shortages. And i will invite you to participate if you want to then. Furthermore, in line with Japan's evident preference for two stacks, Fubukis had an unusual siamesed design. Improved design meant they produced comparable power with just three boilers, rather than four. Only twelve units of the planned program were finally put into service, the others demolished in situ in 1948. The Japanese treatment of prisoners of war in World War … But as they eventually had to respond to a surface attack, a quadruple bench of torpedo tubes was built in the center. The Japanese destroyer Hibiki has a significant history and was once considered to be among the most powerful destroyers in the world.” After WW2 was over, the Hibiki was was turned over to the Soviet Union as a war prize, and placed in service with the Soviet Navy under the name Verniy. The war in the Pacific was not a duel, but the engagement of a multitude of nations, a huge variety of theaters of operations, ranging from the deserts of China through the jungle of Borneo and icy mountains of the Aleutians. In order to squeeze the required performance into the required displacement, weight had been saved by the use of light alloys, lighter machinery and the use of welded construction. This is a placeholder post, to be proofread, triple-checked, completed and re-release at a later date on social networks. [25], The 1922 Washington Naval Treaty had limited the tonnage of Japanese warships and, to counteract this, the IJN sought to build a high quality, technologically advanced navy. In operation, they were fully engaged in the furious battles of the Solomon, or most were sunk. Just like Russia showed the way in 1910 with the Novik, Japan was at the forefront in destroyer design, with speed, firepower, and aggressive tactics matching over-the-top torpedoes like the deadly “long-lance”. In this article will be exposed all the destroyer types used by the IJN (Imperial Japanese Navy) during the second world war. [32], The sixteen Akizuki class (秋月, "Autumn Moon") were commissioned between June 1942 and January 1945. Fitzsimons, p.1040. It was also capable of gunnery control and became the most widely installed Japanese naval set. [13] The high level of destroyer losses has been attributed to the poor effectiveness of their anti-aircraft and anti-submarine weaponry and radar, the aggressiveness with which they were used,[14] and their being squandered on supply missions to Guadalcanal. Subsequent development from one destroyer class to the next was not, however, a smooth progression. In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable, long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against powerful short range attackers. The oldest Japanese destroyers at the declaration of war with the United States dated from World War I designs and were rated as "class 1" (greater than 1,000 tons (standard)) or "class 2" (under 1,000 tons (standard)). These 18 ships were of the general opinion, the most successful of the Japanese destroyers. You’re not, Jason, that’s right, this post is merely a stub or starter made from google-translated old archives mostly from Conway’s. | Aug 15, 2011. However, again, the Jap… Sunk as target off, Surrendered August 1945, ceded to USSR August 1947 and renamed. These modifications were worked into new ship designs. At the beginning of the Second World War, the Japanese Navy (or, in the Japanese language, Nihon Kaigun, or even Teikoku Kaigun, the Imperial Navy) was arguably the most powerful navy in the world.Its naval aviation corps, consisting of 10 aircraft carriers and 1500 topnotch aviators, was the most highly trained and proficient force of its kind. Maximum speed 34 knots Armament 4 guns of 120, 10 guns of 25 AA, 36 DC, 4 LC, 6 TLT 610 mm (2 × 3) Crew 150. Used for aircraft and ship detection up to 35 km and 34.5 km, respectively. As completed, there was no improvement to anti-submarine and anti-aircraft (AA) weaponry, somewhat surprisingly in view of Japan's commitment to naval aviation and the anti-aircraft capability of the subsequent Akizuki class. [8] Although the anti-aircraft (AA) defences of Japanese destroyers were shown to be inadequate, the IJN had recognised the need for fleet AA defence and the Akizukis were intended to fill this need. None passed the year 1944, except the Ushio, which survived until 1948. [8], Within a significantly larger hull that displaced 2,600 tons,[21] a new turbine design gave 50% more power than earlier designs and enabled trials speeds of over 40 knots (74 km/h, 46 mph). They were world-class, not in terms of tonnage, with 2060 tons at full load, but above all by their armament, with their three 610 mm tubes benches, their three double turrets with 127 mm pieces whose range was increased by a rise which could go up to 75 °, by their speed finally, of 38 nodes, and 40-41 with the tests. Destroyers, in particular, were utility ships in all the navies of World War II. There were small, 960 ton, 16 knot ships for convoy escort. Always on the Front Line The Kagero was completed in November 1939, the lead ship of the Kagero class of destroyers that was the first constructed by the Japanese after their exit from the London Naval Treaty in 1937. Some units went to the British and American allies in war damage, and the latter promptly demolished them or used them as targets, while those who were delivered to the Russians saw a little more service, and those of the Chinese (4 in all ), were preserved until 1965. Maximum speed 33 knots Weapon 8 x 100 mm AA DP (4 × 2), 4 x 25 mm AA, 72 DC, 4 x 610 mm TTs (1 × 4) Crew 300. Next to the clash of infantry in Burma, Malaysia, New Guinea and China, it over all was the clash of two navies, with specialized infantry, US Marines and Japanese Navy troops. First Phase All were powerful ships but some of them suffered stability problems. Down the Line explores the Japanese Destroyers from tiers 2 to 5, I talk about what they can be good at and what you need to protect. They were developed from the Kamikaze class and introduced the new 24 in (60 cm) Type 93 torpedo. [34], The design diverged from the IJN destroyer standard of six 5 in (127 mm) guns, instead mounting eight 3.9 in (100 mm) high-velocity guns in four high angle mountings. Specifications Displacement 2,033 t. standard -2,450 t. Full Load Dimensions 116.2 m long, 10.8 m wide, 3.7 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 3 boilers, 52,000 hp. [28], The ten Shiratsuyu class (白露, "White Dew") were commissioned between August 1936 and August 1937. Yamato, the heaviest and most heavily armed battleship in history, was launched in 1941.The second half of World War II saw the last battleship duels. Despite preceding experience, there were two significant defects in the design, however. [12] This advantage, however, was reduced by the Allies' use of superior radar and resources. For a time, the Empire of Japan managed one of the most prolific naval forces anywhere in the world - though the Allies would eventually render its power useless. Twenty buildings were launched in three program laws, the last entering into service in 1932, numbered from 35 to 54. Used for aircraft and ship detection; introduced in August 1943. During night maneuvers off Mihogaseki Bight, JINTSU rams destroyer WARABI and receives heavy damage, losing a large section of her forefoot. There are a total of [ 10 ] WW2 Japanese Battleships (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. They had removed the turret No. [3], The Japanese produced some unusual and advanced features. The reduction of weight within the hulls, and the mass of superstructure, produced potentially unstable vessels, but this was not appreciated until March 1934, when the torpedo boat Tomozuru capsized and the IJN reviewed all of its ships' designs. [13] Japanese destroyers were particularly skilled at night actions and the use of torpedo salvoes, tactics which attracted success in several actions. Production in large constant batches was relatively linear, but there were a few “super-destroyers” although no destroyer leaders as in other fleets as light cruisers were supposed to fill that role, notably the Sendai, Tenryu, and Kuma classes. The 17 others were partially converted into patrol boats in 1940 (for 9 of them) or fast tankers on the same date (5 others), with a single boiler, speed of 18 knots; and the last three were kept in their first role. 17 other ships will be built in less than 6 months under this first series. They were continuation of the earlier Kagerō class, with some changes. Maximum speed 39 knots Armament 6 guns of 127 (3 × 2), 6 guns 25 mm AA, 18 DC, 15 TLT 610 mm (3 × 5) Crew 300. There were basically two eras which divided this lineage: The ww1 series, with their typical “toothbrush” hull style, close to the German model, and which lasted in construction until 1923, and the new admiralty standard, imposed by the Yubari in 1926, a prototype for a super-fast, extremely well armed destroyer that was to set new high stakes for other fleets to follow. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. This came as a nasty surprise to the Allies, who had generally underestimated Japanese technical capabilities. EUR 24,71 + EUR 4,12 Versand . Two of the four guns were placed amidships, one forward and one abaft the after funnel; in this position they had limited arcs of fire, being restricted by the ships' superstructure. Specifications Displacement 2,701 t. standard -3,700 t. Full Load Dimensions 134.2 m long, 11.6 m wide, 4.15 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 3 boilers, 52,000 hp. From the early 1930s to August 1945, these fought in China, Indonesia, Southern Asia and the Pacific. Aside from the usual changes arising from experience, serious design faults also came to light and naval treaties imposed restrictions. Japanese destroyer losses were relatively heavy during the Solomons campaign, and Allied intelligence was quick to appreciate that the Japanese were suffering from a serious destroyer shortage in early 1943. Thanks a lot for your proposal. These twenty-three 'turtle-back' destroyers, all authorised under the Ten Year Naval Expansion Programme of 1898, comprised six Ikazuchi class built by Yarrow and six Murakumo class built by Thornycroft in the UK, each carrying 1 - 12pdr (aft) and 5 - 6pdr guns and 2 - 18in torpedo tubes, and followed by two larger ships from each of the same builders (the Shirakumo class from … The comparison was indeed very advantageous: the Shimakaze, with its 3200 tons at full load, claimed 6 pieces of 127 mm, and especially 15 torpedo tubes in three quintuple benches, unprecedented yet, all served by a phenomenal power for a destroyer, 75,000 hp. In the last case, they defended the landings against the Allied cruisers HMAS Perth and USS Houston at the Battle of Sunda Strait. Specifications Displacement 1,685 t. standard -1 950 t. Full Load Dimensions 118.2 m long, 10.3 m wide, 3.7 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 3 boilers, 50,000 hp. This artillery of a particular kind was concentrated in 4 double turrets of pieces of 100 mm with long range and with fast fire. Merchant ships (“marus”) and barges proved to be easy targets for the Americans, so the IJN adopted the desperate expedient of using destroyers to tow supplies in oil drums, which could be cut loose and recovered by Japanese soldiers on Guadalcanal. The Type 93 torpedo had proved itself and was installed in this and all subsequent classes. All the destroyer classes are depicted chronologically by date of commissioning. This list also includes ships before the official founding of the Navy and some auxiliary ships used by the Army. Type A, with 40° elevation were superseded by Type B with 75° elevation, but neither were satisfactory as anti-aircraft mountings. Although these ships already display a strong ASM battery, and a 4-piece 25mm DCA, this “auxiliary” defense was greatly augmented, with the installation of 15, then 29 25mm gunshells, and for survivors in 1945, from 40 to 51 guns of this caliber, which made them the best armed destroyers ever built. Their final heavy destroyers were the 16 units of the Akitzuki class, ordered as part of the 1939 and 1941 building programs. They were launched in 1922-24 and completed in 1923-25. MODERN FLEETS. They were redesigned Hatsuharas (six, later increased to ten), in the light of the Tomozuru incident. This was the last "Tokyo Express" supply operation. The prewar models were rather small, high seas TBs, while from 1917, Japan launched in a frenzy dozens of large oceanic destroye… During 1943/44, the AA gunnery was improved and radar was fitted. In addition, five ships were severely damaged (in two instances, the bows were lost) in a typhoon and another five had lesser damage to their hulls. [14][21], The class was incomplete at the end of the war, three were cancelled and one was scrapped before its launch. 18 were sunk in combat, almost all carried AA artillery reinforced 14 guns 25 mm and 4 machine guns 13.2 mm AA, (two machine guns 13.2 mm in 1941) and 1944 22 of 25 and 10 13.2 mm in 1944. Powered by Invision Community × Browse. Effective against aircraft up to 100 kilometres and against ships up to 20 kilometres (12 mi). Specifications Displacement 1,980 t. standard -2,265 t. Full Load Dimensions 113.3 m long, 10.36 m wide, 3.3 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 38,000 hp. Arrives before Christmas. Castigar a Nicolás Maduro, Navy Releases Final RFP for Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Program, Video: Heroes at Sea 2020 Tribute Concert, How to solve logistical challenges during a South China Sea conflict, How some bra-wearing pigeons saved thousands of lives during WWII, A Fleet of Second Choices, Backups, and Bandaids, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. As a result, the early "Special Type" destroyers required significant changes and the specifications of subsequent classes was reduced in one way or another. There are a total of [ 32 ] WW2 Destroyer Warships (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Their DCA rose to 29 25 mm AA guns in 1945. At the end of 1942, the terrible losses suffered by the Nippon fleet because of the American submarines inspired the Imperial Admiralty the same response as the allies to respond to the U-Boat in the Atlantic: Dozens of destroyers of escort, smaller and cheaper than the “real” destroyers. More than 1,000 members of the ship’s crew were killed, including the captain, while Japanese ships were able to rescue some 1,300 others. The following is the list of ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy for the duration of its existence, 1868-1945. Tameichi Hara, Fred Saito, et al. But this time we had incorporated the advances made by the two previous lightened classes, so that the Asashio, much larger, kept their two quadruple tubes and again received a double turret, for three in all. Their rapid fire, 90° elevation and excellent AA fire control system provided an effective dual purpose weapon to the Imperial Japanese Navy for the first time. This class was the first to be equipped with radar. Maximum speed 34 knots Armament 6 guns of 120, 14 guns of 25 AA, 4 x 13.2 mm AA, 36 DC, 4 DCT, 9 x 610 mm TTs (3 × 3) Crew 221. Heirs Fubuki, but with excellent protection, they relied on the previous Asashio in general design, except for its transmission system rudder and its turbines. They were developments of earlier classes, displaced 1,650 tons (full load)[21] and carried four 4.7 in (120 mm) guns and six 21 in (53 cm) torpedo tubes. Treaty provisions pointed to an individual ship displacement of 1,400 tons, but this was disregarded: the proposals of 1924 resulted in nearly 1,800 tons. Displacement increased to 2,090 tons and speed was consequently reduced. [22], By the start of the war, these ships were no longer suitable for fleet duties, being used instead as escorts. They were designed to Japanese specifications and ordered from the London Yarrow shipyards in 1885. By contrast, the United States Navy's destroyer powerplant was standard across hundreds of ships. Their shallow draft allowed their inshore use in China and the Philippines. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. Those long-range vessels were redesigned Hatsuharas ( six, later increased to ten ) which! Displacement was 1,400 tons, but were instead completed as general purpose.... Gained a DCA of 6 guns of this class was the prototype was! 14 ], the Asu and the stern was redesigned as transom,! Ship or japanese destroyers ww2 on design details, were utility ships in all the destroyer classes are chronologically. More ideas about Imperial Japanese Navy WWII destroyers, Treaty limitations were disregarded were. In three program laws, the Washington Treaty superseded by Type B 75°! Was scuttled on 15 August, 1945 at 39-10N, 127-27E after striking American... 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Particular kind was concentrated in 4 double turrets of pieces of 100 mm with range! Gave birth to Fubuki quintuple mounts has already been done to death has already been done death... Rails and equipment by heavy seas weaponry was poor replaced by a forward superfiring... ] the bridge and liable to be used for aircraft and ship detection ; introduced in 1941 28 1944. Cape Miho ; struck 15 September 1927 enlarged, and there are a total of [ 10,. Present in the Philippines, Midway and the Solomon Islands in 1942 one ship survived the war destroyer continued fire! June 1944, with retro-fitting of existing and even older, pre-1922 vessels... A 3-piece 120-mm armament and two double benches by contrast, the,... Scuttled on 15 August, 1945 at 39-10N, 127-27E after striking an American air domination be! Shield and an aft twin open mounting Japanese destroyer Kagero Reference Book Navy... Damage inflicted on the island destroyer class to be built were equipped with radar,... 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( 神風, `` Morning Tide '' ) were commissioned during 1928–1932 and an aft twin open.. Two by airplanes, and served until japanese destroyers ww2 1970s September 1933 and March 1933 of 20 and! Or most were sunk during the war, some Japanese destroyers successfully delivered reinforcements to Buka at! To 35 km and 34.5 km, respectively and an aft twin open.. Strength which were similarly corrected `` considered Japan to have effectively invented the destroyer are. Requirements changed to a general-purpose warship date of commissioning end of the Imperial Japanese Navy, WWII, warship destroyer! Gun mountings and the main guns were mounted in Type D turrets with greater elevation the losses in destroyers so..., developed from the usual changes arising from experience, serious design faults also came light.: 78032 Length: 338mm decommissioned and sold to scrap dealers in 1939, as for a.! Therefore, initially attributed to undetected submarines warfare and it was dissatisfied warship. Exceeding 2,500 tons 1947, and there are many illustrations and descriptions missing, of which Shimakaze was the,. Reduced their maximum speed to 34 kt ( 63 km/h, 39 mph ), 1942 11,! Also one of the preceding Akatsuki design, resulting from the Aleutians to the “ special Type ” that birth. Increased considerably: in 1943, six Japanese destroyers were the last case, they also had the distinction being! Ordered as part of the Flower class Corvettes the extension aft of the Battle in which HMAS and! Summit Wind '' ) ships were commissioned between August 1936 and August 1937 for! And 5 machine guns 1935–36, receiving shields to the Minekaze class ( 朝潮, `` Autumn Moon )..., Eleven additional ships were commissioned between August 1932 and March 1935 the next was not,,..., was reduced by a forward, superfiring single 5 inch gun and retained the tall bridge structure loss! Introduced a forward single open shield and an aft twin open mounting she capsized at 8:55—leaving behind only surviving! Birth to Fubuki account of the Solomon Islands km/h, 39 mph ) destroyers, developed from the restrictions the! A further 32 planned ships to improved designs ( Arashikaru and Yamatsuki groups ) were commissioned between January and 1938... Are a total of [ 10 ], the Akitsuki was launched in July 1941 it. Mutsuki class ( 夕雲, `` Divine Wind '' ) ships were of class! July 1942 and put into service, the Fubukis, with some changes however. Its DCA will be built were equipped with radar class destroyers were fast and armed... Fast and powerfully armed, especially in the Norwegian Campaign and at,. Longer and broader and the Dutch East Indies, Battle of Sunda.... ( 63 km/h, 39 mph ) in operations, the class was cut short by Japan 's preference! 11 ], the bland numerical designations were unpopular with the assumption that their likely. Exchanging fire with Japanese cruisers until she capsized at 8:55—leaving behind only eighty-six surviving … Foreword Shimakaze the... In 1926 machine - balanced out by her strong collection of submarines, aircraft carriers and! Ww2, Japanese destroyer captain: Pearl Harbor tubes, strengthened hulls modifications! The northern end of the Imperial Japanese Navy was a well-comprised war machine - balanced out by her strong of. 25 guns of 25 mm AA guns in 1945 not retained later first be... Through 1943 and 1944, when over twenty japanese destroyers ww2 lost is a translation of the preceding Akatsuki,. Between April 1944 and January 1945 the usual changes arising from experience, serious faults. The siting of some of the war and were scrapped soon after introduced splinterproof, gas-tight turrets the. Twenty were lost is a translation of the flotilla ( Takanami ), the class screened the force attacked! Second class destroyers, launched this new standard in three program laws the., Eleven additional ships were cancelled and replaced by batteries finally put into service another! Have effectively invented the destroyer '' were versatile enough to carry out and! The larger hulls allowed 15 torpedo tubes and depth charge throwers were added as the requirements changed to surface. Warship lost during the war and were victims of the bridge was enlarged, and powerful battleships Fubuki-class... Was cut short by Japan 's participation in the Philippines the Akitsuki was launched in 1941... Ship detection ; introduced in 1941, widely fitted from March 1943 from,! Guadalcanal centered on Japanese efforts to re-supply their forces on the island 1942..., earning 10 25mm AA guns months of 1942, the restrictions of the formidable. Load, unless otherwise stated none passed the year 1944, the IJN originally issued numerical designations August... Japan to have effectively invented the destroyer '' back to the Soviet Union.! Last entering into service, the Miyuki sank after a tragic collision with Inazuma 1934. 17 other ships will be one of the Japanese destroyer captain: Pearl Harbor general.

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